The Star Trek franchise has produced a large number of novels, comic books, video games, and other materials, which are generally considered non-canon.
Star Trek spin-off fiction frequently fills in “gaps” within the televised show, often making use of backstage information or popular fan belief. Although officially licensed spin-off material will often maintain continuity within itself (particularly within books by the same authors), elements often contradict each other irreconcilably. For example, the end of Kirk’s five-year mission has been depicted in several different incompatible ways.
Much fiction is set in a second five-year mission of Kirk’s Enterprise, which the Okuda chronology dates after Star Trek: The Motion Picture (although novels often placed it before). Backstories and fates of characters are often elaborated on, an example being Leonard McCoy’s divorced status, and his daughter, Joanna, originally intended to appear in what became the TOS episode “The Way to Eden”.
Several original series characters are established as still being alive in the TNG era, including McCoy, Spock, and Scotty. In the books written by William Shatner, these are joined by a revived Captain Kirk. Several novels depict the careers of the younger members of the Enterprise crew after Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Captain Sulu and his daughter Demora Sulu appear in Peter David’s novel The Captain’s Daughter. In the novel The Sundered, Chekov serves as Sulu’s first officer on the USS Excelsior college football team jerseys. The novel Federation has Chekov eventually becoming an admiral. Uhura is shown, in the novel Catalyst of Sorrows, to be Chief of Starfleet Intelligence in 2360. The 2006 novel Vulcan’s Soul: Exiles has an Admiral Pavel Chekov, and Uhura is still serving as head of Starfleet Intelligence in 2377, at the age of 138. Peter David’s novel Imzadi explores the backstory between Riker and Troi, and its sequel Triangle: Imzadi II covers the cooling of the Worf/Troi relationship, which was left unexplained on screen.
Spin-off fiction will often use re-use characters who appeared only once or twice in the actual show. Dr. Selar has appeared in more TNG novels than television episodes, and she and Elizabeth Shelby, who appeared in the two-part episode “The Best of Both Worlds” are major characters in the Star Trek: New Frontier series. The cast of the Starfleet Corps of Engineers series largely comes from such guest parts. Similarly, the IKS Gorkon series features Klingon characters drawn from a variety of TNG and DS9 episodes.
The spin-off fiction has also engaged in world building. Novels in the 1980s by Diane Duane and John M. Ford established a complex backstory and culture for the Romulans (Rihannsu) and Klingons respectively, which were later not taken up by TNG.
A large range of fictional reference books have been produced over the years. More recent books of this sort have been by production staff and, whilst not binding on the series, nonetheless reflect the thinking of the production office, and are used as sourcebooks by writers.
Similar material has also been published in the Star Trek Fact Files and the Star Trek Magazine.
Since 1967, hundreds of original novels, short stories, and television and movie adaptations have been published. The first original Star Trek novel to be published was Mission to Horatius by Mack Reynolds, which was published in hardcover by Whitman Books in 1968. Geared for younger readers, the novel became a collectible and in the 1990s, Pocket Books issued a facsimile edition.
The first publisher of Star Trek fiction aimed at adult readers was Bantam Books, which initially produced a bestselling series of novelizations of the original 79 episodes by James Blish that began in 1967. Later adaptations were done by Blish’s wife, J. A. Lawrence, some of these were credited to Blish with others appearing under Lawrence’s name. In 1970, Blish wrote the first original novel published by Bantam, Spock Must Die!, although subsequent novels did not appear until 1976.
From 1974, Ballantine Books published a 10-volume series of novelizations based upon episodes of Star Trek: The Animated Series, all written by Alan Dean Foster. Bantam also published a number of fotonovels based on episodes. In the late 1970s, Bantam published a number of original Star Trek novels, including two written by noted science fiction author Joe Haldeman, and one by original series scriptwriter David Gerrold.
Pocket Books began publishing Star Trek fiction in 1979, starting with a novelization of Star Trek: The Motion Picture by Gene Roddenberry himself, although the company’s second Trek novel did not appear until 1981 due to Bantam being allowed to complete its publishing contract first. Eventually, Pocket Books would publish novels based upon every Trek series.
From around 1987 and with the debut of Star Trek: The Next Generation, Paramount took a closer role in supervising the books, disallowing story elements that were said to conflict with Gene Roddenberry’s idea of Star Trek. In particular, recurring characters between books were discouraged, as was the use of concepts introduced in The Animated Series. This era saw disputes between authors and the Star Trek production office – specifically Roddenberry’s “assistant”, Richard Arnold – with many novels being rejected for not focusing directly on the main TOS cast. Some novels were, in lieu of rejection, heavily edited, resulting in being disowned publicly by their authors, such as with the novel Probe by Margaret Wander Bonanno.
A change of personnel at the Star Trek offices in the early 1990s – specifically the firing of Arnold immediately following the death of Gene Roddenberry in 1991 – led to a relaxation of policies regarding tie-in novels. Under editor John J. Ordover, many authors including Bonanno returned as Star Trek novelists in the 2000s after encouragement from fans, which continued under later editor Marco Palmieri, who has admitted being unaware of any prior blacklisting of authors resulting from the period of interference from Richard Arnold.
Prolific Star Trek novelists include Peter David, Diane Carey, Keith R.A. DeCandido, J.M. Dillard, Diane Duane, Michael Jan Friedman, and Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens. Several actors and writers from the television series have written books: William Shatner has written a series with the Reeves-Stevenses featuring a revived Captain Kirk in the 24th century, and John de Lancie, Andrew J. Robinson, J. G. Hertzler, and Armin Shimerman have written or co-written books featuring their respective characters. Voyager producer Jeri Taylor wrote two novels featuring backstory for Voyager characters, and screen authors David Gerrold, D. C. Fontana, and Melinda Snodgrass have also penned books. The Reeves-Stevenses were later hired as writers for Enterprise.
None of the Star Trek novels are considered “canon”, meaning that producers of the television series feel free to contradict events and facts from the novels (although Pocket Books coordinates with the Star Trek offices to minimize the chances of this happening). Paula Block, director of CBS Consumer Products, is quoted in Voyages of the Imagination as saying, “Jeri Taylor’s books were considered quasi-canon for a while because our licensees really wanted some sort of background structure”.
Starting from the mid-1990s, several ranges of books were created based upon original continuing characters and situations set in the Star Trek universe. The first of these, Star Trek: New Frontier by Peter David, focuses on the crew of the starship Excalibur. Some characters in this series were guest stars from episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation, while others were from previous Star Trek titles by the same author, and still others were created originally for the series. New Frontier takes place in Sector 221-G, where the Excalibur is dispatched to help with the chaos created by the crumbling Thallonian Empire.
Michael Jan Friedman’s Stargazer series features the adventures of Captain Picard on the Stargazer, and reuses characters he established in his 1992 TNG novel Reunion.
Another series, Star Trek: Challenger, created by Pocket editor John J. Ordover and writer Diane Carey, was planned as a continuation of the six-book storyline Star Trek: New Earth. Thus far only one book in the series has been published, Chainmail, part of the Gateways crossover series.
The Starfleet Corps of Engineers series is a series of eBooks by various authors, set in the same general time frame as the Next Generation series. This series features a group of highly trained engineers stationed aboard the USS da Vinci (NCC-81623) and their adventures on various planets. The eBooks are eventually released in paperback collections. No new Corps of Engineers novels have been published since 2007.
From 2005 to 2012, a Star Trek: Vanguard series ran, set on Starbase 47, known as “Vanguard”. It is set during The Original Series, and attempts to flesh out that particular period of fictional Star Trek history.
I.K.S. Gorkon was a brief series of novels by Keith R. A. DeCandido, the first Star Trek novel series to feature the Klingons instead of Starfleet. This series tells of the adventures of an all-new Qang (Chancellor)-class war cruiser, on a mission to conquer new planets for the Klingon Empire. The series grew from DeCandido’s TNG Ambassador Worf-focused novel Diplomatic Implausibility.
Pocket Books has also depicted events after the end of television series, allowing greater freedom in storytelling.
The Deep Space Nine relaunch takes place after the end of the series. New characters have been added to compensate for the loss of those who left at the end of the show. (Some books published after the end of the series, but before the official relaunch stories began, have been retroactively added to the relaunch, including the anthology The Lives of Dax and the novel A Stitch in Time).
The Star Trek: Voyager relaunch series, written by Christie Golden, is set after the end of the Voyager series. In the final episode of the series, “Endgame”, the characters return home, and the books deal with their homecoming and further adventures.
After the release of the movie Star Trek Nemesis, which sees William Riker about to take command of a new ship, the USS Titan, the Star Trek: Titan series was launched, depicting these adventures. As of 2014, several books have been set post-Nemesis, including several books dealing with the Borg.
The Enterprise series was also relaunched (see Star Trek: Enterprise relaunch), starting with the novel The Good That Men Do. The Enterprise novel Last Full Measure retcons the death of Trip, recounted in “These Are the Voyages…”. Trip’s death is shown in a holodeck program in the time frame of the TNG episode “The Pegasus”, and The Good That Men Do establishes that the historical record has been altered.
Nine Star Trek novels, in the form of three thematic trilogies, have been written by William Shatner with Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens. These novels, starting with the second book, feature a Captain Kirk revived after Star Trek Generations. However, these novels are set in a different continuity to the rest of the Star Trek novels, receiving the nickname the Shatnerverse. A fourth Shatner/Reeves-Stevens trilogy, focusing on Kirk’s time at Starfleet Academy and based on an idea pitched to Paramount for a TV series was launched in October 2007.
The Star Trek book ranges have since the mid-1990s featured various crossover events, with books published in multiple series. The first of these was the Invasion! series, published in 1996, featuring entries from The Original Series, The Next Generation, Deep Space Nine, and Voyager series.
1997’s event was the Day of Honor, with novels in all four series. In a rare example of a novel concept being adopted into the TV series, the Voyager episode “Day of Honor” tied into this.
1998 saw six books published in the Star Trek: The Captain’s Table crossover, including the four regular series, as well as one from Star Trek: New Frontier and another based on Captain Pike, the captain from the original Star Trek pilot episode, “The Cage”. An anthology, entitled Tales from the Captain’s Table, was published in 2005 following up the concept, with tales from new captains.
1999’s Double Helix was a six-book series, nominally part of the numbered TNG book range, featuring characters from TNG, DS9, TOS, Voyager, New Frontier, and Stargazer.
The Star Trek: Gateways crossover was published in 2001, featuring entries from TOS, Challenger, TNG, DS9, Voyager, and New Frontier. These stories all end in a single finale anthology, What Lay Beyond. 2001’s Star Trek: Section 31 was a thematic crossover, with each of the four books (TOS, TNG, DS9, and Voyager) featuring Section 31. Later in 2014, Section 31 became a standalone DS9 spinoff series of its own with the novel Disavowed.
In 2003, Star Trek: The Lost Era began exploring the underutilized part of the Star Trek timeline between Kirk’s death in Star Trek Generations and the start of Star Trek: The Next Generation.
Various collections of Star Trek short stories have been published by Pocket Books. The Strange New Worlds competition, open to entries from the public, runs annually, and results in the publication of an anthology featuring the winning short stories.
Pocket has also published themed original short story anthologies, including:
A small but vocal minority of fans consider the novels to be fan fiction, although, being publications authorized by Paramount Pictures, they do not fit the general definition. A number of novels have been written or co-written by series actors, such as John de Lancie, J.G. Hertzler, Andrew J. Robinson, William Shatner, and Armin Shimerman. There have also been many unlicensed, privately published works which do fit the definition of fan fiction, such as The Doctor and the Enterprise by Jean Airey which merged the universes of Star Trek and Doctor Who, or writings referred to as “Mary Sue” stories featuring the author and their personal acquaintances as major characters in the plot of their stories.
Almost continuously since 1967, a number of companies have published comic book series based on Star Trek and its spin-off series.
The initial publisher of Star Trek comic adaptations and tie-in comics was Gold Key, part of Whitman Publishing. The series ran for 61 issues between July 1967 until March 1979, and is noted for the first nine issues of the series being published with photo covers, made up from promotional photographs supplied by Paramount, some of which were taken from various episodes of the original series.
Although Gold Key never gave creative credits in the pages of their comics, Len Wein, Arnold Drake, George Kashdan, Marty Pasko and Doug Drexler are known to have worked on numerous issues of the books, and have since come forth and identified which issues they specifically worked on. The first two issues of the Gold Key run was illustrated by Italian artist Nevio Zaccara, and the first half of the series was drawn by Alberto Giolitti, who being based in Rome did not see any of the Star Trek TV episodes until several years after he retired. The remainder of the series was illustrated by Alden McWilliams, with a few fill-ins by George Kashdan.
Gold Key and Whitman ceased publishing in 1979, with Star Trek No. 61 being one of the last comics produced by the company, and one issue in pre-production that never saw print.
Golden Press, another division of Western Publishing, reprinted several of the Gold Key Star Trek comics in four volumes. Entitled Enterprise Logs, these four books reprinted the first 35 issues between 1976 and 1977, and included some new material as part of a Psycho-Files feature in the first and third volumes.
In 1974, Dan Curtis produced a set of nine 6″ x 3″, 22-page color miniature comics. These were intended to be sold with bubble gum, like baseball cards, and each comic reprinted a story from one of the Gold Key comics. The set has been listed since 1977 as “Dan Curtis Reprints” in the “Giveaway Comics” section of Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide.
Whitman also produced a series of 16 different comic reprints between 1978 and 1979 under the Dynabrite banner. These were 10″ x 7-1/8″ reprints of several of the Gold Key issues, with cardboard covers with blank inside covers.
In 2004, Checker Book Publishing Group was granted license from Paramount to reprint the Gold Key Star Trek comics in volumes under the name Star Trek: The Key Collection. Note that these new reprint editions do not contain the new material that was created especially for the previous Enterprise Log reprint editions, such as the Psycho-Files or Scotty’s Diary. As of May 2007, seven editions have been printed, with the eighth edition expected in 2010 but as of this writing had not been scheduled.
A weekly strip ran in the United Kingdom from 1969 to 1973 in the pages of TV21. Added as part of a revamp of the popular British magazine by City Publications, the strip ran for 118 issues, ending with the December 29, 1973 issue. Creators for this strip included numerous artists who worked on other TV21 and Valiant Magazine strips, such as Harry Lindfield, Mike Noble, Roland Turner, Carlos Pino, and Jim Baikie.
In 1979, with the launch of Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Marvel started publishing Star Trek comics, starting with an adaptation of that movie by Marv Wolfman and Dave Cockrum. Through a misunderstanding between Paramount and Marvel, the writers had been misinformed that they could not use any previously used characters from the TV series or the movie except for the main crew of the Enterprise. The series only lasted a total of 18 issues, ending in 1981 with Marvel choosing not to renew the license.
A newspaper strip, initially written and illustrated by Thomas Warkentin also ran from 1979 to 1983, and was syndicated by the Los Angeles Times Mirror Syndicate. Warkentin stayed with the series until April 1981, penning a total of eight tales. During his tenure, Warkentin was aided by artists Mark Rice, Dan Spiegle, and Ron Harris. Among the highlights of Wartenkin’s strips was his final story, a Harry Mudd adventure featuring his view of a rare glimpse at the news media of the Star Trek universe. During the series remaining fifteen months, creative teams changed twice, beginning with writer Marty Pasko and artist Padraic Shigetani, with Bob Myers replacing Shigetani. The strip concluded with Gerry Conway and Dick Kulpa sharing writing credit, with Ernie Colón handling the art.
After the release of Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, DC Comics became the Star Trek comic licensee, publishing stories from 1984 set in the movie era (see Star Trek DC comics). In 1988, the series ended when Paramount withdrew its license at the advice of Richard Arnold following a series of disputes between Arnold and DC Comics, specifically with the comic’s main author, Peter David. After a year’s hiatus DC’s second Star Trek series was launched with an adaptation of Star Trek V. Original stories took place in the large gap between Star Trek V and Star Trek VI, but did not continue from the previous series, so storylines from that series were either ignored or rewritten. Although more limited in scope than the first series due to restrictions from Paramount – which included a prohibition by Richard Arnold against the creation and use of original and non-series-related ongoing characters in the comic stories – and the controversial removal of Peter David as head writer, the series still lasted 80 issues. Howard Weinstein, who like David was also a Star Trek novelist, took over writing the comic with issue No. 20, and used the opportunity to flesh-out some of the changes between Star Trek V and VI, such as Sulu’s promotion to captain of the Excelsior.
DC also published Star Trek: The Next Generation comics, starting with a mini-series in 1988. An ongoing monthly series was launched from October 1989, and was mainly written by Star Trek: The Next Generation novelist Michael Jan Friedman. The series would run until 1996, when DC chose not to renew the license due to declining sales and an increase in licensing fees from Paramount.
Beginning in 1993, Malibu Comics published an ongoing series based upon Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Before DC Comics’ relinquishing the license, Malibu and DC worked together to publish a DS9/TNG crossover comic. In addition, Malibu also published an annual and several one-shot special issues of the DS9 comic, and reportedly was preparing a Star Trek: Voyager comic that later saw print after the merger with Marvel Comics in 1996.
As part of the merger with Malibu Comics in 1996, Marvel obtained the Star Trek license, publishing comics under the “Marvel Paramount Comics” banner. The quarterly Star Trek Unlimited series covered TOS and TNG. Marvel published monthly comics based upon Deep Space Nine and Voyager. They also introduced two new series, Star Trek: Early Voyages which dealt with Captain Pike’s adventures as captain of the Enterprise (as depicted in the rejected TOS pilot “The Cage”) and Star Trek: Starfleet Academy which dealt with a group of cadets, including Deep Space Nine’s Ferengi, Nog. The series were canceled in 1998 due to sales being below expectations, with Early Voyages leaving an unresolved story by Dan Abnett and Andy Lanning.
Wildstorm were the next licensee. Wildstorm decided to not do an ongoing series, but instead a series of miniseries and trade paperback graphic novels from 1999 onwards. Writers included Nathan Archer, Kristine Kathryn Rusch and Dean Wesley Smith, Keith R.A. DeCandido. Scott Ciencin, Kevin J. Anderson, K. W. Jeter, John Ordover and David Mack. Due to poor sales and issues involving Wildstorm’s merger with DC Comics, the license was allowed to expire in 2002 without renewal.
In October 2004, Tokyopop announced plans to publish an anthology of Next Generation-based stories presented in the style of Japanese manga. Since then, the company has produced several anthologies of Star Trek manga stories starting in 2006 with Shinsei Shinsei reading football shirt. The first two books contained five manga stories and a prose short story from a recently released anthology by Pocket Books, with Pocket printing a manga story in the respective anthology to cross promote both companies products. The third book featured four, slightly longer, manga stories and an extra from a recent Pocket anthology of short novels.
Tokyopop originally planned their first book to be a collection of tales in the Star Trek: The Next Generation era but at the bequest of Paramount they chose to develop a Star Trek: The Original Series book instead, to be released for The Original Series’ 40th Anniversary. After publishing their third TOS manga book the company announced plans for two TNG anthologies in late 2008 and early 2009. The first TNG book was delayed and saw publication in April 2009.
On November 9, 2006, IDW Publishing announced that they had secured the publishing rights to Star Trek from CBS Consumer Products.
IDW’s first title was the six-issue miniseries, The Space Between, written by David Tischman and drawn by Casey Maloney. IDW followed up with the series Star Trek: Klingons: Blood Will Tell, along with other mini-series and one-shots, and is still regularly publishing new Star Trek-based material.
Developed over the last two decades and more as an expansive development of the background as supplied in the Original Series as well as in The Star Trek Star Fleet Technical Manual, the Star Fleet Universe introduces a range of new races and storylines (such as the Interstellar Concordium and the General War) as well as drawing from the Animated Series for inspiration – a modified version of the Kzinti are a major part of the SFU, for example – unlike the Paramount universe.
This universe lives and thrives in the range of works from Amarillo Design Bureau Inc. and (formerly) Task Force Games, as well as providing a fount for the unique merging of Star Trek continuities seen in the Star Fleet Command series of PC games.
SFU games include:
The following computer games used elements from both the Paramount and ADB universes:
They were not the only games to continue the vast Star Trek universe however. There were role-playing games, board games, card games, computer games, even arcade games and pinball games. Other games include the following:
‘Star Trek Adventure, Universal Studios Hollywood, 1988′
Great American Adventure Amusement Park, Santa Clara near San Jose, Calif.
Several fan-made or unofficial films have been produced, using Star Trek characters or settings. Notable examples include:
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John Henry Vander Wal (né le 29 avril 1966 à Grand Rapids, Michigan, États-Unis) est un ancien joueur américain de baseball ayant joué dans les Ligues majeures de 1991 à 2004.
Vander Wal a porté les couleurs de 8 équipes durant 14 saisons, dont 13 dans la Ligue nationale. Ce joueur de champ extérieur a évolué presque toute sa carrière en tant que réserviste, mais s’est imposé dans le rôle de frappeur suppléant. Il a établi en 1995 le record du plus grand nombre de coups sûrs comme frappeur suppléant, et occupe présentement (après la saison 2009) le 7e rang de l’histoire des majeures à ce chapitre.
John Vander Wal waistband for phone, un frappeur gaucher where to buy a lint shaver, est un choix de troisième ronde des Expos de Montréal en 1987. Il fait sa première apparition en Ligue majeure le 6 septembre 1991. Il joue sporadiquement pour les Expos au cours des deux saisons suivantes avant de voir son contrat racheté par les Rockies du Colorado.
Vander Wal joue pour l’équipe de Denver durant près de 5 saisons, ne dépassant jamais un total de 151 présences au bâton (en 1996). En 1995, il établit le record actuel des Ligues majeures avec 28 coups sûrs en une saison dans un rôle de frappeur suppléant, brisant le record de 25 établi par Jose Morales en 1976 avec Montréal. La moyenne au bâton de Vander Wal pour la saison 1995 s’éleva à ,347.
Après un passage chez les Padres de San Diego de la mi-saison 1998 à la fin de la campagne 1999, il est échangé avec les camps d’entraînement de 2000 aux Pirates de Pittsburgh en retour du voltigeur Al Martin. Il apparaît dans 134 parties, frappe pour ,299 de moyenne et établit des sommets personnels de coups de circuit (24) et de points produits (99). Il amorce l’année 2001 à Pittsburgh mais passe aux Giants de San Francisco durant l’été, terminant la saison avec ses plus hauts totaux de matchs joués (146) et de présences au bâton (452) en carrière. Il produit 70 points.
Vander Wal joue les trois dernières années de sa carrière avec les Yankees de New York (2002) thermos intak hydration bottle with meter, les Brewers de Milwaukee (2003) et les Reds de Cincinnati (2004) college football team jerseys. En 1372 parties dans les majeures, il a obtenu 2751 présences officielles au bâton, frappant 717 coups sûrs, dont 129 comme frappeur suppléant, ce qui le place (après la saison de baseball 2009) au 7e rang de l’histoire. Il totalise 97 circuits, 374 points marqués et 430 points produits. Sa moyenne au bâton s’élève à ,261.
En février 2009, il a été engagé comme recruteur par l’une de ses anciennes équipes, les Padres de San Diego. Son nom apparaîtra sur la liste de joueurs éligibles pour le Temple de la renommée du baseball en 2010.
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Keeper’n til Liverpool er en norsk komediefilm med premiere 22. oktober 2010. Ved den 61. Berlinalen i Berlin 2011 fikk filmen krystallbjørnen som beste barnefilm college football team jerseys.
Keeper’n til liverpool handler om en 13 år gammel gutt ved navn Jo. Jo er en tankefull gutt som hele tiden går å tenker seg til hva som vil skje med han hvis han begår et feil valg. På skolen er han en smart gutt bag cover waterproof, men han er nødt til å gjøre leksene til en annen elev for å ikke bli mobbet, og betalinga for dette er fotballkort. Filmen handler også om å finne det ene fotballkortet som de alle mangler : Keeperen til Liverpool. En dag får Jo tak i dette sjeldne kortet, men da han inviterer alle vennene sine hjem viser det seg at noen har tatt kortet. Han beskylder Tom Erik, som han gjør leksene til Jo, for å ha tatt det, men han nekter på at han har gjort det. En dag begynner ei ny jente i klassen til Jo, Mari. Mari spiller fotball og interesserer seg for likninger, noe Jo har sansen for. Disse to blir gode venner, men etterhvert blir han innviklet i masse løgn og kaos. Han skjønner ikke hva han skal, eller hva han har gjort nå.
Asfaltenglene · Brødre i krig · Elias og jakten på havets gull · En ganske snill mann · En helt vanlig dag på jobben · Hjem til jul · Keeper’n til Liverpool · Knerten gifter seg · Kommandør Treholt & Ninjatroppen · Kongen av Bastøy · Limbo · Maskeblomstfamilien · Nokas · Olsenbanden jr. Mestertyvens skatt · Oss & de andre · Pelle Politibil går i vannet · Snøhulemannen · Sykt lykkelig · To brødre · Tomme Tømmer · Trolljegeren · Yohan – Barnevandrer
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Sanjay Claude Ayre (born 19 June 1980 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a world-class Jamaican sprinter specializing in the 400 meters.
Puma North America Signed Ayre to an undisclosed record 3-year contract in June 2003. Together with Brandon Simpson, Lansford Spence and Davian Clarke he won a bronze medal in the 4 x 400 metres relay at the 2005 World Championships in Athletics. Sanjay Ayre won a bronze medal at the 2000 Olympic Games along with Haughton, Blackwood, Mcfarlene, and Mcdonald. This bronze was later upgraded to a silver medal in 2008. A successful college athlete, Ayre was a 14-time All-American while attending Auburn University in Auburn, Alabama and was also named the “NCAA Indoor Freshman of the Year” in 2000. He earned a gold medal at the 2004 World Indoor Championships in the 4 × 400 meters relay event. Ayre also competed in the 400 meter event and was a finalist in the 4 × 400 meters relay at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
Sanjay Ayre graduated from Auburn University with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Criminology.
Ayre attended Calabar High School in St. Andrew, Jamaica where he was an all around athlete, as well as DeWitt Clinton High School in the Bronx, New York, and participated in multiple sports. In addition to his track & field accomplishments, he was recognized for his outstanding athletic ability in soccer and swimming. Under the coaching of Edward Hector, he was voted the “1999 High School Athlete of the Year” after winning the 400 meter title at the Indoor and Outdoor National Scholastic meets. At the age of 18, Ayre made his senior debut representing Jamaica in the 4 × 400 meters relay at the 1999 World Indoor Championships in Maebashi, Japan. This team went on to break the Jamaican National Record. Sanjay Ayre also won gold medals at the 1999 Junior Pan American Games and remains as the only Jamaican junior athlete to win the 400 meter title.
While enrolled at Auburn University college football team jerseys, he quickly established himself as a collegiate sprint talent under the guidance of Ralph Spry, who also coached Auburn alumnus and 400 meter World Champion Avard Moncur. As a freshman, Ayre won the 2000 SEC 400 meter Indoor title and achieved five All-American honors. Somewhat hampered by injuries throughout his sophomore year, Ayre regained form late summer 2001, and competed for the Jamaican World Championship team in the 400 meter and 4 × 400 meters relay events. As a junior, he continued his stellar collegiate career receiving multiple All-American honors and went on to compete in the 400 meter and 4 × 400 meters relay events at the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England. In his final season as a collegiate athlete, Ayre finished as the NCAA 400  pink soccer socks youth;meter Indoor Runner-up and received additional All-American honors during his 2003 outdoor campaign.
After an outstanding collegiate career, Sanjay turned professional and remained at Auburn to be coached by Ralph Spry until 2005. Following a successful 2005 season, Ayre moved on to be coached by world-renowned 400 meter coach, Clyde Hart.
Ayre commenced his professional career while still considered a collegiate athlete. However, his first appearance as a professional athlete was at the 2003 Pan American Games in Santo Domingo, DR where he earned a gold medal in the 4 × 400 meters relay. In 2004, Ayre competed at the World Indoor Games where he earned another gold medal in the 4 × 400 meters relay. For Sanjay Ayre goalkeeper gloves nz, success continued throughout 2005 as he maintained a top-ten world ranking at 400 meters. After a disappointing 2006 season, Ayre rallied back to win a gold medal at the Central American & Caribbean Games in the 4 × 400 meters relay.
In 2007 he filled the summer with dominating 400 meter performances culminating with the 2007 Jamaican National Championships where on 24 June 2007 he would win the 400 meter title in 45.07 s and go on to compete in the 4 × 400 meters relay at the 2007 World Championships in Osaka, Japan and ultimately finish his season with another top-ten world-ranking.
In 2008, Ayre was a member of the Jamaican Olympic team that recorded dominating performances in the sprint events at the Olympic Games in Beijing, China football sock lad. While there, Ayre competed in the 400 meter and 4 × 400 meters relay events. Sanjay Ayre along with teammates Michael Blackwood, Ricardo Chambers, and Lansford Spence finished a disappointing eighth place after being favored to win a medal.
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First Signs of Frost ist eine englische Progressive-Metal-Band aus London, welche 2004 gegründet wurde.
Die Wurzeln der Band liegen zurück in der Gründung der Band Skud zur Jahrtausendwende, welche sich 2003 in Subject to Change umbenannte. Nachdem deren Gitarrist Ben Ashton und der Bassist Ian Rees die Band verließen und durch Adam Mason und Dan Oehlman ersetzt wurden, benannte sich die Band in den Namen First Signs of Frost um. Nachdem die Band 2004 eine Demo mit drei Liedern aufgenommen und einige Konzerte gespielt hatte, veröffentlichte die Band noch im selben Jahr ihre Debüt-EP, welche den Namen In Our Final Chapter trug und von dem Gitarristen John Mitchell produziert wurde, welcher bereits mit Bands wie Funeral for a Friend, Kids in Glass Houses und Architects zusammengearbeitet hatte. Im Jahre 2005 verließ der Bassist Dan Oehlman ein Jahr darauf die Band und wurde durch Simon Poulton ersetzt college football team jerseys. Zudem erschien das Lied In Our Final Chapter auf der aller ersten Veröffentlichung des britischen Labels Basick Records in Form einer Kompilation mit dem Namen Do You Feel This?. Anschließend ging die Band im Oktober auf Tour durch Großbritannien, wo sie unter anderem an der Seite von Enter Shikari auftrat.
Im Jahre 2007 veröffentlichte die Band mit The Lost Cause ihre zweite EP über das japanische Plattenlabel Zestone Records, auf die zwischen Mai und Juni eine Tour mit der Band Exit Ten durch das Vereinigte Königreich folgte. Nachdem der Sänger Daniel Tompkins ein Jahr später der Band hinzustieß, veröffentlichte die Band eine Split-EP mit The Casino Brawl und Elias Last Day, welche über das britische Label Small Town Records veröffentlicht wurde und auf denen die Lieder Through the Exterior und Sing Sing Aint My Style zu hören waren. Anschließend spielte die Band im November eine gemeinsame UK-Tour mit Deaf Havana. Nachdem die Band die Studioaufnahmen zu ihrem ersten Album beendet hatte, gab die Band bekannt, dass Daniel Tompkins beschlossen hatte die Band wieder zu verlassen plastic water bottles, da er im Anschluss der Band TesseracT beitrat und sich mehr seinem Projekt Piano widmen wollte. Im November 2009 wurde mit Atlantic das Debütalbum der Band, wie bereits die EP zuvor, über Zestone Records veröffentlicht, welches von Acle Kahney vintage soccer t shirts, dem Gründer der Band TesseracT, produziert wurde, welcher bereits zuvor das Lied Through the Exterior für die Band produziert hatte. Des Weiteren befanden sich auf dem Album neben neun neuen Liedern auch drei weitere Lieder von der zwei Jahre zuvor erschienenen EP, welche neu aufgenommen wurden no show socks wholesale.
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