Barcaldine (1878) was an outstanding, undefeated British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He succeeded in carrying on the Matchem sire-line, which would have died out in Europe without his sons and grandsons. In the US, he passed on his sire-line through Man o’ War via the exported Australian.
Barcaldine was inbred (2×3), being by Solon (by the Triple Crown winner West Australian from Darling’s Dam). His dam, Ballyroe, was by Belladrum from Bon Accord by Adventurer from Darling’s Dam.
Barcaldine had four starts for four wins as a two-year-old: in September the Railway Stakes at the Curragh Racecourse, the National Produce Stakes which he won by four lengths carrying 9 stone (126 pounds), the Beresford Stakes of one mile carrying 9½ stone (133 pounds) and the Paget Stakes of six furlongs, carrying 9 st 4 lb (130 pounds or 59 kg).
Only being half-fit, Barcaldine won Baldoyle Derby by a length in May. In June, he raced for three straight days in winning three Queen’s Plates at the Curragh.
Stewards investigating Barcaldine’s true ownership resulted in him being unraced that season. At the end of 1882, he was sold to his new trainer, Robert Peck.
Barcaldine next won the 1½ mile Westminster Cup, the 1½ mile Epsom Stakes, carrying 9 st 4 lb (130 pounds or 59 kg), the three-mile Orange Cup at Ascot, and finally the Northumberland Plate under 9 st 10 lb (136 pounds) by two lengths in a field of nine.
In May 1886, The Sporting Times carried out a poll of one hundred racing experts to create a ranking of the best British racehorses of the 19th century. Barcaldine was ranked fifteenth, having been placed in the top ten by twenty-one of the contributors.
Barcaldine was then sold to Lady Stamford for £8,000 and retired to stand at Park Paddocks, Newmarket, for a fee of 50 guineas. He produced the winners of 305 races in England, including:
Barcaldine was the great-grandsire of unbeaten Hurry On, who sired the Derby winner Captain Cuttle from the first mare he covered at stud and was the Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland in 1926.
Exported Barcaldine daughters have influenced Thoroughbred breeding in Australia, the US, and South America.
Barcaldine stood at the same stud for nine years until his death from a liver abscess.
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