Wang Ying (ROC)

Wang Ying (Chinese: 王英; Pinyin: Wáng Yīng; 1895 – November 4, 1950) was a Chinese bandit and minor Japanese puppet warlord from western Suiyuan. He was involved in the Chahar People’s Anti-Japanese Army in 1933, commanding a formation called the 1st Route. Following the suppression of the Anti-Japan Allied Army, Wang Ying went over to the Japanese Kwantung Army and persuaded them to let him recruit unemployed Chinese soldiers in Chahar Province. He returned to Japanese-occupied Northern Chahar with enough men to form two Divisions that were trained by Japanese advisors. By 1936 Wang was commander of this Grand Han Righteous Army attached to the Inner Mongolian Army of Teh Wang.

Following the failure of their first Suiyuan campaign, the Japanese used the Grand Han Righteous Army to launch another attempt to take eastern Suiyuan in January 1937. Fu Zuoyi routed Wang’s army, and it suffered heavy losses.

After 1937 he was able to establish a small puppet army, independent of Mengjiang, in Western Suiyuan under Japanese protection. His Self Government Army of Western Suiyuan in 1943 consisted of over 2300 men in three divisions, in a March 1943 British intelligence report.

After Japan lost, Wang Ying surrendered to Fu Zuoyi, and was appointed Commander of the 1st Cavalry Group. Next he transferred to the Commander of the 14th Cavalry Zongdui (縱隊), the 12th War Area. In 1946 he was appointed senior staff officer of the Beiping Camp for the Chairperson of the Military Committee (軍事委員會委員長北平行營高級參謀) best running water bottle belt. After that he also held the Supreme Commander of the Military for Subjugation Communists, the Route of Ping-Pu (平蒲路剿共軍総司令).

After the establishing of the People’s Republic of China, Wang Ying was arrested. He was convicted of treason and surrender to the enemy (namely Hanjian) and anti-revolution and sentenced to death by the Beijing People’s Court on May 23, 1950. He appealed to the Supreme People’s court, but this court also affirmed the original judgement. He was executed by firing squad at Beijing on November 4 clear glass bottles, 1950.


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Grupp D i kvalspelet till världsmästerskapet i fotboll 2018 (Uefa)

Grupp D i kvalspelet till världsmästerskapet i fotboll 2018 (Uefa) är en av nio grupper i UEFA:s kvaltävlingar till världsmästerskapet i fotboll 2018 i Ryssland. Tävlingen är planerad att avgöras under perioden 5 september 2016–9 oktober 2017.

Huvudartikel · Omgång 1 · Omgång 2 · Omgång 3 · Omgång 4 · Interkontinentalt kvalspel (CONCACAF mot AFC)

Huvudartikel · Omgång 1 · Omgång 2 · Omgång 3

Huvudartikel · Omgång 1 · Omgång 2 · Omgång 4 · Omgång 5 · Interkontinentalt kvalspel (OFC mot CONMEBOL)

Huvudartikel · Omgång 1 · Omgång 3 · Interkontinentalt kvalspel (OFC mot CONMEBOL)

Huvudartikel · Gruppspel: ( Grupp A · Grupp B · Grupp C · Grupp D · Grupp E · Grupp F · Grupp G · Grupp H · Grupp I  · Omgång 2


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Tsesarevich

Tsesarevich (Russian: Цесаре́вич, IPA: [tsɨsɐˈrʲevʲɪtɕ]) was the title of the heir apparent or presumptive in the Russian Empire. It either preceded or replaced the given name and patronymic.

It is often confused with “tsarevich”, which is a distinct word with a different meaning: Tsarevich was the title for any son of a tsar, including sons of non-Russian rulers accorded that title, e.g. Crimea, Siberia, Georgia. Normally, there was only one tsesarevich at a time (an exception was Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich, who was accorded the title until death, even though law gave it to his nephew), and the title was used exclusively in Russia.

The title came to be used invariably in tandem with the formal style “Successor” (Naslednik), as in “His Imperial Highness the Successor Tsesarevich and Grand Duke”. The wife of the Tsesarevich was the Tsesarevna.

In 1721 Peter the Great discontinued use of “tsar” as his main title, and adopted that of imperator (emperor) goalkeeper gloves custom, whereupon the title of tsarevich (and “tsarevna”, retained for life by Ivan V’s daughters) fell into desuetude. The Emperor’s daughters were henceforth referred to as “tsesarevna” (Peter had no living son by this time). In 1762, upon succeeding to the imperial throne, Peter III accorded his only son Paul Petrovich (by the future Catherine the Great) the novel title of tsesarevich, he being the first of nine Romanov heirs who would bear it. However, at the time the title was conferred, Paul was recognized as Peter’s legal son, but not as his legal heir. Nor would he be officially recognized as such by his mother after her usurpation of the throne.

More often he was referred to by his other title of “grand duke”, which pre-dated tsesarevich, being a holdover from the Rurikid days before the grand dukes of Muscovy adopted the title of tsar water bottle belt carrier. When Paul acceded to the throne in 1796, he immediately declared his son Aleksandr Pavlovich tsesarevich, and the title was confirmed by law in 1797 as the official title for the heir to the throne (incorporated into Article 145 of the Fundamental Laws). Alexander I had no children: thus his brother Constantine Pavlovich became tsesarevich and, oddly, retained the title even after he renounced the throne in 1825 in favor of their younger brother what is tenderizing meat, Nicholas I.

Thenceforth, each Emperor’s eldest son bore the title until 1894, when Nicholas II conferred it on his brother Grand Duke George Aleksandrovich, with the stipulation that his entitlement to it would terminate upon the birth of a son to Nicholas, who was then betrothed to Alix of Hesse. When George died in 1899, Nicholas did not confer the title upon his oldest surviving brother Michael Aleksandrovich, although Nicholas’s only son would not be born for another five years. That son, Alexei Nikolaevich (1904–1918), became the Russian Empire’s last tsesarevich.

The wife of an heir-tsesarevich bore the title Tsesarevna (Russian: Цесаревна) – Grand Duchess. In first years of Russian Empire the female heirs of Peter I of Russia bore this title – his daughters Elizabeth of Russia (born 1709), Anna Petrovna (1708–1728) and Natalia Petrovna (1718—1725). Not to be confused with Tsarevna (used only before 18th century) for all the tsar’s daughters.

Many princesses from Western Europe, who converted to Orthodox Christianity and changed their given names accordingly, were given the patronymic Fyodorovna not because their fathers were named “Theodore” but as an allegory based on the name of Theotokos of St. Theodore, the patron icon of the Romanov family.

After claiming the Russian throne in exile in 1924 Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia designated his son, Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich of Russia, Tsesarevich. Since 1997 the title has been attributed to Vladimir’s grandson, George Mikhailovich Romanov, whose mother, Maria Vladimirovna, conferred it on him in her capacity as pretender to the <thme=”dimitry” /> Those who refer to him by a dynastic title, however, more usually address him as “grand duke”.

Until the end of the empire most people in Russia and abroad, verbally and in writing continued to refer to the Sovereign as “tsar”. Perhaps for that reason the title of tsesarevich was less frequently used to refer to the heir apparent than either “tsarevich” or “grand duke”, particularly in less educated circles reusable bottles.


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Pune

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Inde

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Maharashtra

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Maharashtra

Pune ou Poona (marathi : पुणे), anciennement nommée Punevadi, est la deuxième ville (après Bombay) de l’État indien du Maharashtra avec 3,75 millions d’habitants, les Punekaris, qui dans leur grande majorité parlent le marâthî. La ville est la huitième plus grande métropole d’Inde.

Elle est considérée comme la capitale culturelle de l’État et elle possède une université, des facultés et centres d’enseignement renommés. Elle est l’ancienne capitale de l’empire marathe.

Pune se trouve à 120 km au sud-est de Bombay, à la confluence des rivières Mula et Mutha, sur le bord du plateau du Deccan dans la chaine des Ghats occidentaux, à 554 mètres d’altitude en moyenne waterproof case for smartphone. Le lac de retenue de Khadakwasla (en) au sud-ouest de la ville permet l’approvisionnement en eau.

Températures

Les Peshwa firent de la ville la capitale de l’empire marathe à partir de 1750. Son importance stratégique est soulignée par la présence de nombreux forts construits sur les collines alentour.

Les Britanniques prirent le contrôle de la ville en 1818 à l’issue de la bataille de Khadki (Kirkee). Ils lui donnèrent le nom de Poona et en firent le plus important cantonnement d’Inde du sud, attirant ainsi des marchands, des Parsis et des Juifs de Bombay, et une ville de villégiature : en 1820, Pune, au climat plus frais, abrite les quartiers d’été de la présidence de Bombay sweater lint remover. Aujourd’hui la ville abrite le quartier-général du Commandement Sud de l’armée indienne.

Dans les années 1970, le bhagwan Rajneesh (1931-1990), plus connu sous le nom de Osho, un guru iconoclaste et controversé, fonda la Osho Commune International qui attira des milliers de hippies venus du monde entier. Dans son ashram, était mis en avant la liberté sexuelle, la fête perpétuelle et le plaisir matériel. Osho, après avoir tenté de créer dans l’état américain de l’Oregon, une “cité idéale”, nommée Rajneeshpuram, revint à Pune où il mourut en 1990.

Pune est un important centre industriel, notamment pour la construction automobile. Elle abrite un des plus grands constructeurs de deux-roues, Bajaj Auto. L’Indien Tata Motors et les Allemands Daimler AG et MAN y ont des chaînes d’assemblages.

Comme dans beaucoup de grandes villes indiennes, l’implantation d’entreprises informatiques connaît un fort développement. L’Infotech Park de Pune se trouve à 20 km de la ville, à Hinjewadi. On y retrouve toutes les grandes entreprises indiennes, telles que Tata Technologies, Wipro Technologies, Infosys, Cognizant, ainsi que des universités dispensant des formations centrées sur les technologies de l’information et de la communication. Pune est connue comme étant la petite Silicon Valley indienne, derrière Bangalore.

C’est également le siège du National Chemical Laboratory, un des plus importants laboratoires de recherche en chimie d’Inde et un des principaux centres stratégiques indiens des télécommunications.

Depuis la mise en service de l’autoroute Bombay–Pune, la ville se trouve à moins de trois heures de Bombay.

Pune est surnommée l’Oxford of the East (en). Elle abrite entre autres :

Le Pune FC, club de football créé en août 2007 et dont l’équipe joue en I-League (la Première division indienne) depuis la saison 2009-2010.

Une rue de Pune

L’autoroute entre Pune et Bombay

Pu. La. Deshpande Garden

Le siège d’Infosys

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :


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Wortham (Texas)

Wortham è un centro abitato degli Stati Uniti d’America situato nella contea di Freestone dello Stato del Texas.

La popolazione era di 1.073 persone al censimento del 2010.

Il territorio su cui oggi sorge Wortham fu dato in concessione nel 1834 dal Messico a Robert B. Longbotham, un immigrato dall’Inghilterra che vi si insediò nel 1839. Nel 1871, quando la Houston and Texas Central Railway fu pianificata nell’area, Longbotham vendette la terra ad un gruppo di investitori, che fondarono una città chiamata Tehuacana. Quando un ufficio postale fu istituito nel novembre 1871, tuttavia, il nome fu cambiato in “Long Bottom”. Nel 1874 fu rinominata in Wortham in onore del colonnello Rice Wortham, un mercante che era stato strumentale che riuscito a far costruire la ferrovia attraverso l’area.

Nel 1885 Wortham era un piccolo centro mercatale per gli agricoltori di cotone dell’area con diverse chiese, macine a vapore e mulini, un negozio di alimentari, e una trentina di abitanti. Durante gli anni 1890 il paese conobbe una rapida crescita. Fu istituita ufficialmente nel 1910, e nel 1914 aveva anche due banche, un settimanale, il Wortham Journal, e una popolazione di 950 persone. Wortham rimase un piccolo centro fino al 1924, quando il petrolio fu scoperto nelle terre circostanti.

Già nel 1912 C. L. Witherspoon, assunto dal Comune per perforare un pozzo d’acqua, scoprì una sacca di gas naturale. Tra il 1919 e il 1923 la ricerca di petrolio iniziò nella zona, e il 27 novembre 1924 fu inaugurato il primo pozzo petrolifero. Entro tre settimane furono progettati più di 300 impianti di perforazione nelle campagne della città. Nel gennaio 1925 furono prodotti più di 3,5 milioni di barili (560.000 metri cubi) di petrolio, e il totale per l’anno 1925 arrivò a 16.838.150 barili (2.677.052 metri cubi). La città di Wortham, di conseguenza, fu trasformata. La popolazione passò da 1.000 a circa 35.000 persone al culmine del boom nel 1925. Le abitazioni e le infrastrutture della città erano completamente inadeguate, e le forze dell’ordine ebbero, tra l’altro, grandi difficoltà a controllare i chiassosi operai delle compagnie petrolifere. La perforazione intensiva portò tuttavia il boom al termine entro la fine del 1927, e già nel 1929 la popolazione era scesa a circa 2.000 abitanti.

L’inizio della Grande Depressione, il crollo dei prezzi del cotone, e la fine del boom del petrolio si combinarono e portarono tempi duri per Wortham. Poi, il 9 aprile 1932, un terremoto scosse la città nelle prime ore del mattino distruggendo o danneggiando varie strutture. Il numero delle imprese scese da 72 del 1931 a 50 del 1936. Dopo la seconda guerra mondiale, il declino continuò, e già dai primi anni 1980 restarono solo sedici imprese di tipo commerciale. La città vide anche un lento declino della popolazione nello stesso periodo e il numero degli abitanti scese al minimo di circa 1.000 nel 1975. Dalla seconda metà degli anni 1980, tuttavia, il numero degli abitanti rimase stabile e nel 1990 Wortham poteva contare su una popolazione di 1.020 abitanti e quindici imprese. La popolazione era di 1.082 persone nel 2000.

Wortham è situata a (31.788472, -96.462209).

Secondo lo United States Census Bureau, ha un’area totale di 2,0 miglia quadrate (5,2 km²). Wortham si trova vicino al punto più alto tra Dallas e Houston, nelle vicinanze delle Tehuacana Hills.

Secondo il censimento del 2000, c’erano 1 football shorts and socks sale.082 persone, 428 nuclei familiari e 278 famiglie residenti nella città. La densità di popolazione era di 545,9 persone per miglio quadrato (211,0/km²). C’erano 479 unità abitative a una densità media di 241,7 per miglio quadrato (93,4/km²). La composizione etnica della città era formata dal 79,94% di bianchi, il 17 glass water bottle bpa free,84% di afroamericani, lo 0,65% di nativi americani, l’1,20% di altre razze, e lo 0,37% di due o più etnie. Ispanici o latinos di qualunque razza erano il 2,77% della popolazione.

C’erano 428 nuclei familiari di cui il 35,0% aveva figli di età inferiore ai 18 anni, il 46,3% erano coppie sposate conviventi, il 15,7% aveva un capofamiglia femmina senza marito, e il 35,0% erano non-famiglie. Il 32,0% di tutti i nuclei familiari erano individuali e il 17,5% aveva componenti con un’età di 65 anni o più che vivevano da soli. Il numero di componenti medio di un nucleo familiare era di 2,45 e quello di una famiglia era di 3,12.

La popolazione era composta dal 28,4% di persone sotto i 18 anni, il 7,1% di persone dai 18 ai 24 anni, il 25,8% di persone dai 25 ai 44 anni, il 20,4% di persone dai 45 ai 64 anni, e il 18,3% di persone di 65 anni o più. L’età media era di 36 anni. Per ogni 100 femmine c’erano 80,6 maschi. Per ogni 100 femmine dai 18 anni in giù, c’erano 72,2 maschi.

Il reddito medio di un nucleo familiare era di 23.988 dollari, e quello di una famiglia era di 35.625 dollari. I maschi avevano un reddito medio di 26.094 dollari contro i 18.098 dollari delle femmine. Il reddito pro capite era di 14.269 dollari. Circa il 14,7% delle famiglie e il 18,1% della popolazione erano sotto la soglia di povertà, incluso il 22,1% di persone sotto i 18 anni e il 17,1% di persone di 65 anni o più.


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RLS (DJ)

Si vous disposez d’ouvrages ou d’articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l’article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (, comment ajouter mes sources ?).

RLS (aussi connu sous ses autres pseudos RightLesS ou René La Science) est un artiste, DJ, producteur et remixeur français.

RLS est à son état civil Cédric Lorrain. Depuis son jeune âge, influencé par les chansons de Stevie Wonder qui passent en boucle dans sa famille. Après un passage au conservatoire et 17 ans de trombone à coulisse, il affectionne le jazz et le classique.

À l’adolescence, RLS découvre la pop anglaise et les productions de Stock Aitken Waterman qui rencontre un grand succès à l’époque avec Kylie Minogue, Dead Or Alive, Donna Summer et Mel & Kim. Ces productions sont reconnaissables par leurs mélodies et leurs gimmicks. RLS s’inspire des recettes de ces producteurs pour ses compositions.

Après son bac obtenu best place to buy water bottles, il commence à aller mixer dans un club près de chez lui et découvre le son de la house américaine et les grands noms de l’époque comme les Masters at Work, Steve Silk Hurley, Maurice Joshua, David Morales et Franckie Knuckles dont le mélange de la dance et d’une certaine mélancolie donne une dimension à la dance music qu’RLS affectionne. Entre ses études de droit et un passage dans un groupe de presse mondial, RLS commence à remixer des artistes de renommée mondiale (The Black Eyed Peas, Jessie J, Shakira, Britney Spears, Pitbull, Chris Brown, Flo Rida, Kelly Rowland, t.A.T.u., Enrique Iglesias, Kylie Minogue, Sophie Ellis-Bextor).

À partir de 2009, il décide de se lancer dans ses propres compositions et productions. C’est ainsi qu’il compose et produit les titres Forever et Soundwaves de la chanteuse Angie Be, qui marquent ses débuts en tant que producteur en France et en Europe. En parallèle, il développe sa carrière d’artiste, il signe chez Universal Music. En 2009, il sort la chanson Festa puis en 2011 son single Close To Heaven rencontre le succès pour être connu en tant qu’artiste. Le titre bénéficie d’une large diffusion en France, en radio comme en club. Il rentre également dans le classement en Israël. En 2012, il sort All I Denied sous le nom d’artiste RightLesS, et Waiting For The Sun pour lequel il reprendra son nom d’artiste RLS, attendu pour fin juin 2012.

Cela ne l’empêche pas de continuer à remixer des chanson d’artistes. Parmi ses collaborations glass water bottle with lid, on trouve le remix de Everybody Jump de KMC, produit par Red One, ainsi que le remix de Angels de Morandi, qui atteint la 16e place des ventes en France.


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Vlaams Economisch Verbond

The Vlaams Economisch Verbond or VEV is a Flemish employers’ organization and lobbying group. It was founded in 1908, by among others Lieven Gevaert as the Vlaamsch Handelsverbond should i tenderize my steak, to create a Flemish counterpart of the Federation of Belgian Enterprises, and it became the VEV in 1926.

The main objectives of the organization were the development of the Flemish economy and to improve the status of Flemish as a business language in Flanders. It is an important partner of the Flemish government on business in Flanders, and also participates in the Socio-economic Council of Flanders.

In 2004, VEV formed an alliance with the Flemish Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CCI’s) to create Voka (Employers organization) (nl). Today, there are still eight Voka – Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CCI) in Flanders (West Flanders, East Flanders thermos hydration, Antwerp-Waasland, Kempen, Mechelen, Halle-Vilvoorde, Leuven and Limburg) vinegar as a meat tenderizer. Together with the VEV, these eight CCI’s form the Voka-Alliance, the largest Flemish network of enterprises.

This ‘Voka-Alliance’ unites more than 17 000 businesses from all sectors within the Flemish region. The alliance is politically independent; there is no structural funding from government. It is a non-profit organisation: small, medium and large-sized companies of all sectors everywhere in Flanders can become member on a voluntary basis.


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Risco de Guadalupe

Risco de Guadalupe är ett berg i Mexiko water stainless steel. Det ligger i kommunen Mexicali och delstaten Baja California, i den nordvästra delen av landet, 2 200 km nordväst om huvudstaden Mexico City. Toppen på Risco de Guadalupe är 455 meter över havet.

Terrängen runt Risco de Guadalupe är varierad. Den högsta punkten i närheten är 1 486 meter över havet, 4,1 km väster om Risco de Guadalupe. Runt Risco de Guadalupe är det ganska tätbefolkat, med 58 invånare per kvadratkilometer. Omgivningarna runt Risco de Guadalupe är i huvudsak ett öppet busklandskap. I trakten runt Risco de Guadalupe finns ovanligt många namngivna berg.

I trakten råder ett hett ökenklimat. Årsmedeltemperaturen i trakten är 24 °C. Den varmaste månaden är juli, då medeltemperaturen är 36 °C, och den kallaste är januari, med 11 °C. Genomsnittlig årsnederbörd är 144 millimeter. Den regnigaste månaden är augusti, med i genomsnitt 26 mm nederbörd used football jerseys, och den torraste är juni, med 1 mm nederbörd.


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Sand star

The sand star, Luidia foliolata, is a species of starfish in the family Luidiidae found in the northeastern Pacific Ocean on sandy and muddy seabeds at depths to about 600 m (2,000 ft).

The sand star has a small disc and five long, flattened arms with tapering tips. It can grow to a diameter of 40&nbsp womens running hydration pack;cm (16 in), and is a grey, greenish-grey, or pale brown colour, sometimes speckled with white. The arms have rows of large marginal plates, each with several spines, but these are not visible from the aboral (upper) side. The tube feet have no suckers, but instead end with blunt points. The sand star could be confused with Astropecten verrilli, but in that species, the large marginal plates are visible from above. This starfish seems to be easily damaged running hydration vest, and often breaks in pieces if raised from the seabed by trawling. Even when brought up intact, it often has missing or regenerating arms, perhaps the result of attacks by predatory crabs or fish.

The sand star is found at depths to 600 m (2,000 ft) on soft substrates in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, with a range extending from Alaska to the Galapagos Islands and Nicaragua.

The sand star is well-camouflaged on the sandy and muddy seabeds where it is found, and is often half-covered with sediment. It can create a shallow depression and work its way under the bivalve molluscs, polychaete worms, brittle stars, and sea cucumbers on which it feeds. Unlike some other starfish, it cannot evert its stomach, so is limited to smaller-sized prey. It is agile, and can right itself rapidly if turned upside down. The long, pointed tube feet are specially adapted for movement over soft sediments, but lose traction if the sand star tries to scale steeply sloping rocks. It is a fast traveller, and can move across the seabed at the rate of 280 centimetres (110 in) per minute, many times faster than slow species such as the leather star (Dermasterias imbricata), which can only traverse 15&nbsp waist pack for runners;cm (5.9 in) in a minute.


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Penthaz

Reformierte Kirche von Penthaz

Penthaz ist eine politische Gemeinde im Distrikt Gros-de-Vaud des Kantons Waadt in der Schweiz.

Penthaz liegt auf 482 m ü still water glass bottle. M., 3 km südöstlich von Cossonay und 12 km nordwestlich der Kantonshauptstadt Lausanne (Luftlinie). Das Haufendorf erstreckt sich an einem nach Westen geneigten Hang über dem Tal der Venoge, im Gros de Vaud, im Waadtländer Mittelland.

Die Fläche des 3.9 km² grossen Gemeindegebiets umfasst einen Abschnitt des Gros de Vaud, der Kornkammer des Kantons Waadt. Der Gemeindeboden erstreckt sich von den Talauen der Venoge ostwärts über den Hang von Penthaz bis auf das Hochplateau des Gros de Vaud, auf dem mit 526 m ü. M. der höchste Punkt der Gemeinde erreicht wird (auf der Flur Montilier). Die östliche Abgrenzung bildet zeitweise die Autobahn A1. Von der Gemeindefläche entfielen 1997 17 % auf Siedlungen, 13 % auf Wald und Gehölze, 69 % auf Landwirtschaft und etwas weniger als 1 % war unproduktives Land.

Zu Penthaz gehören mehrere Neubausiedlungen. Die Nachbargemeinden von Penthaz sind im Norden Penthalaz, im Nordnordosten Daillens, im Osten Bournens, im Südosten Sullens, im Süden Vufflens-la-Ville und im Westen Gollion.

Mit 1652 Einwohnern (Stand 31. Dezember 2015) gehört Penthaz zu den mittelgrossen Gemeinden des Kantons Waadt. Von den Bewohnern sind 89.4 % französischsprachig, 3.8 % deutschsprachig und 2 little league football jerseys.5 % italienischsprachig (Stand 2000). Die Bevölkerungszahl von Penthaz belief sich 1900 auf 259 Einwohner. Seit 1960 (270 Einwohner) wurde eine rasante Bevölkerungszunahme mit einer Verfünffachung der Einwohnerzahl innerhalb von 40 Jahren beobachtet.

Penthaz war bis in die zweite Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts ein vorwiegend durch die Landwirtschaft geprägtes Dorf. Heute haben der Ackerbau und der Obstbau nur noch eine untergeordnete Bedeutung in der Erwerbsstruktur der Bevölkerung. Im Süden des Gemeindegebietes befindet sich eine Kiesgrube.

Seit den 1960er Jahren wurde die Wirtschaftsstruktur von Penthaz durch die Schaffung von zwei Gewerbezonen massiv verändert. Heute haben sich im Ort unter anderem Unternehmen des Baugewerbes, der Informatik, mechanische Werkstätten und eine Weinhandlung niedergelassen. In Penthaz befindet sich das Archivierungszentrum der Cinémathèque Suisse. In den letzten Jahrzehnten hat sich das Dorf zu einer Wohngemeinde entwickelt. Viele Erwerbstätige sind deshalb Wegpendler, die hauptsächlich in den Nachbarorten Cossonay und Penthalaz sowie im Grossraum Lausanne arbeiten.

Die Gemeinde ist verkehrstechnisch gut erschlossen. Sie liegt an der Hauptstrasse 9 von Lausanne via Cossonay nach Vallorbe. Der Autobahnanschluss Cossonay an der 1981 eröffneten A1 (Lausanne-Yverdon) ist rund 1.5 km vom Ortskern entfernt. Durch einen Postautokurs, der von Cossonay-Gare nach Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne verkehrt, ist Penthaz an das Netz des öffentlichen Verkehrs angeschlossen. Ferner verbindet eine Lokalbuslinie das Dorf mit dem Bahnhof in Cossonay-Gare sowie mit den Nachbardörfern Penthalaz und Daillens.

Auf dem Gemeindegebiet wurden Spuren aus der Römerzeit entdeckt, die Strasse von Lausanne nach Orbe führte bei Penthaz vorbei. Die erste urkundliche Erwähnung des Ortes erfolgte 1011 unter dem Namen Penta. Seit 1574 sind die Schreibweisen Pentha und Penthaz überliefert. Der Name bezeichnet einen Ort am Abhang (französisch pente = Hang, Abhang).

Penthaz gehörte seit dem Mittelalter zur Herrschaft Cossonay und nach 1420 zur savoyischen Kastlanei Cossonay. Mit der Eroberung der Waadt durch Bern im Jahr 1536 kam das Dorf unter die Verwaltung der Vogtei Morges. Nach dem Zusammenbruch des Ancien régime gehörte Penthaz von 1798 bis 1803 während der Helvetik zum Kanton Léman, der anschliessend mit der Inkraftsetzung der Mediationsverfassung im Kanton Waadt aufging. 1798 wurde es dem Bezirk Cossonay zugeteilt.

Die Kirche von Penthaz ist bereits 1228 erwähnt. Im Rahmen einer Restaurierung fand man 1922 Überreste des romanischen Gotteshauses. Das Schloss Penthaz ist ein Herrensitz, der um die Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts erbaut wurde. Im Ortskern sind einige typische Bauernhäuser aus dem 17. bis 19. Jahrhundert erhalten.

Assens | Bercher | Bettens | Bioley-Orjulaz | Bottens | Boulens | Bournens | Boussens | Bretigny-sur-Morrens | Cugy | Daillens | Echallens | Essertines-sur-Yverdon | Etagnières | Fey | Froideville | Goumoëns | Jorat-Menthue | Lussery-Villars | Mex | Montanaire | Morrens | Montilliez | Ogens | Oppens | Oulens-sous-Echallens | Pailly | Penthalaz | Penthaz | Penthéréaz | Poliez-Pittet | Rueyres | Saint-Barthélemy | Sullens | Villars-le-Terroir | Vuarrens | Vufflens-la-Ville

Ehemalige Gemeinden:  Chapelle-sur-Moudon | Correvon | Denezy | Dommartin | Eclagnens | Goumoens-la-Ville | Goumoens-le-Jux | Lussery | Malapalud | Martherenges | Montaubion-Chardonney | Naz | Neyruz-sur-Moudon | Peney-le-Jorat | Peyres-Possens | Poliez-le-Grand | Saint-Cierges | Sottens | Sugnens | Thierrens | Villars-Lussery | Villars-Mendraz | Villars-Tiercelin

Kanton Waadt | Bezirke des Kantons Waadt | Gemeinden des Kantons Waadt


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